The development of technologies for water purification is decisive to meet the global challenges of inadequate access of water supply. Among all remediation methods, sorption is globally recognized as the most promising method because of versatility, reversibility and economic feasibility. The present communication describes the fabrication, characterization and application of paraben modified nanocellulose (PNC) enriched with COO- functional groups for the removal of chromium and lead toxic metals. The fabricated nanobiomaterial has thoroughly characterized with recent microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. Paraben modified nanocellulose (PNC) is found to possess excellent removal efficiency for chromium (96.27%) and lead (80.85%) and it can be reused five times. The findings open up new avenues for the commercial preparation of a cost effective environmental friendly biosorbent and development of a pre-treatment green method prior to high-tech chemical treatments for decontamination of toxic metals particularly in rural and suburban areas of the developing countries.
- Page(s): 01-05
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Priyanka JainDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra 282 005, India
- Shilpa VarshneyDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra 282 005, India
- Shalini SrivastavaDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra 282 005, India
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J Hazard Mater 178:612–618  Ray, P.Z., Shipley, H.J., (2015) Inorganic nano-adsorbents for the removal of heavy metals and arsenic: a review. RSC Adv 5: 29885-29907  Lee, A., Elam, J.W., Darling, S.B., (2015) Membrane materials for water purification: design, development, and application. Env Sci: Water Res Technol 2:17-42  Qu, X., Brame, J., Li, Q., Alvarez, P.J.J., (2013) Nanotechnology for a Safe and Sustainable Water Supply: Enabling Integrated Water Treatment and Reuse. Acc Chem Res 46:834–843  Varshney, S., Jain, P., Srivastava, S., (2016) Designing and Potential Use of Tailored Wood Pulp to Remove Heavy Metals from aqueous system: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies. Sep Sci Technol 2016 (published online)  Anirudhan, T.S., Rejeena, S.R., (2012) Poly(acrylicacid)-modified poly(glycidylmethacrylate) grafted Nanocellulose as Matrices for Adsorption of Lysozyme from Aqueous Solutions. Chem Eng J 187:150-159  Gupta, V.K., Bhushan, R., Nayak, A., Singh, P., Bhushan, B., (2014) Biosorption and Reuse Potential of a Blue Green Alga for the Removal of Hazardous Reactive Dyes from Aqueous Solutions. Bioremedia J 18:179-191  Kardam, A., Raj, K.R., Arora, J.K., Srivastava, S., (2012) Artificial Neural Network Modelling for Biosorption of Pb (II) ions on Nanocellulose Fibres. Bio Nano Sci 2:153-160  Hokkanen, S., Repo, E., Sillanpaa, M., (2013) Removal of Heavy Metals from Aqueous Solutions by Succinic Anhydride Modified Mercerized Nanocellulose. Chem Eng J 223:40–47  Wei, H., Rodriguez, K., Renneckar, S., Vikesland,, P., (2014) Environmental Science and Engineering Applications of Nanocellulose-Based Nanocomposites. Environ Sci Nano 1: 302-316  Singh, K., Arora, J.K,. Sinha, T.J.M., Srivastava, S., (2014) Functionalization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose for Decontamination of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) from Aqueous System: Computational Modeling Approach. Clean Techn Environ Policy 16:1179-1191  Xue, J., Song, F., Yin, X., Wang, X., Wang, Y., (2015) Let It Shine: A Transparent and Photoluminescent Foldable Nanocellulose/Quantum Dot Paper. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:10076-10079  Jain, P., Varshney, S., Srivastava, S. (2015) Site specific functionalization for chemical speciation of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) using polyaniline impregnated nanocellulose composite: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic modeling, Appl Water Sci (published online)  Varshney, S., Jain, P., Srivastava, S., (2016) Process Development for the removal of toxic metals by Functionalized Wood Pulp: Kinetic, Thermodynamic and Computational Approach. 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Water Res 35:1125–34  Gurgel, L.V.A., de Melo, J.C.P., de Lena, J.C., Gil, L.F., (2009) Adsorption of Chromium(VI) ion from Aqueous Solution by Succinylated Mercerized Cellulose Functionalized with Quaternary Ammonium Groups. Bioresour Technol 100:3214-3220  Qiu, B., Guo, J., Zhang, X., Sun, D., Gu, H., Wang, Q., Wang, H., Wang, X., Zhang, X.X., Weeks, B.L., Guo, Z., Wei, S., (2014) Polyethylenimine Facilitated Ethyl Cellulose for Hexavalent Chromium Removal with a Wide pH Range. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:19816−19824  Rahman, N., Haseen, U., (2014) Equilibrium Modeling, Kinetic, and Thermodynamic Studies on Adsorption of Pb(II) by a Hybrid Inorganic−Organic Material:Polyacrylamide Zirconium(IV) Iodate. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:8198−8207  Varshney, S., Jain, P., Srivastava, S., (2015) Rapid Adsorption of Heavy Metals by Nitrogen-Embedded Cellulose Using Isotherm, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Modeling. IJSTM 4:1-11
Priyanka Jain, Shilpa Varshney, Shalini Srivastava "Role of Nanotechnology and Functionalization in the Remediation of Toxic Metals from Water System: Environmental Sustainability and Development" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.01-05 2016
Agriculture is the backbone of any nation’s economy and there is a dependency between agricultural growth and economic prosperity. As India is an Agriculture country where 70% of the population depends on farming, the storage of grains plays a crucial role in national economy. Due to the seasonality of grain production, the storage of grain is the top priority task for restoring and reusing. In the process of grain storage, temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide concentration (CO2) are major ecological factors that can influence directly on the quality of the Grain. Hence, there is a necessity to monitor the vital parameters continuously during storage and communicate the status to the manger in real time which becomes a challenging. The traditional methods are limited to simple manual temperature and humidity testing which are relatively backward since grain situation analysis are made without any effective means of processing and regulation hence there is a need for smart grain management system with automation which can also avoid hidden security risks. The Real-time monitoring of the grain storage system is designed based on ARM7 and using GSM/GPRS module as lower level Control unit which improves the level of grains storage and reduce the grain losses during storage procedure and also reduce man power and labour intensity. The Experimental results shows that grain condition intelligent monitoring system designed in this paper has several good features such as realtime online detection, easy acquisition and good site stability.
- Page(s): 06-10
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Vinayaka HPG Student in VLSI Design and Embedded SystemDept. Electronics and Communications, R.V College of engineering Bengaluru, India
- Roopa JAssistant Professor, Dept. Electronics and Communications Dept. Electronics and Communications, R.V College of engineering Bengaluru, India
. Simon, Segar (1998). High performance microprocessor for embedded application: IEEE Proceeding International Conference on Embedded system design . Dogan K, Geotschalck M, Vidal K (2002). Wireless sensor network and IoT technology a review on Integrated communication network models and design algorithms: European Journal of Operational Research. . Paul Armstrong (2003). Wireless data transmission of networked sensors in grain storage: ASAE Annual International meeting held at Montréal. . Mani Srivastava, Andreas Savvides, Lewis Girod, Deborah Estrin (2004). Localization in sensor networks, Wireless sensor networks: KluwerAcademic Publishers, Norwell. . Daogang Peng, Hao Zhang, Kai Zhang, Hui Li, Fei Xia (2009). Research of the embedded dynamic web monitoring system based on EPA protocol and ARM Linux: IEEE International Conference on Computer Science and Information . Xiaodong Zhang, Xiujuan Li, Jie Zhang (2010). Design and implementation of embedded monitoring system for grain storage: IEEE Conference. . Maier, Channaiah, Martinez-Kawas, (2010).Monitoring carbon dioxide concentration for early detection of spoilage in stored grain: Department of Grain Science and Industry, Manhattan, Kansas. . Hemanth Kumar G, Manjunath lakkannavar (2012). The Design of Granary Monitoring and Control System Based On ARM9 and ZIGBEE: International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering.
Vinayaka H, Roopa J "Intelligent System for Monitoring and Controlling Grain Condition Based on ARM 7 Processor" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.06-10 2016
Work life balance practices are deliberate organizational changes in programs or organization culture that are designed to reduce work life conflict and enable employees to be more effective at work and other roles. This paper mainly focuses on understanding how organization’s ‘Work life balance’ policies assist employees in balancing their work and life responsibilities and also provides an indication on how the organization policies could be improved and how these policies when applied to all workers can be considered strategic human resource management that can translate into improved individual and organizational performance.
- Page(s): 11-21
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Prof. Pooja AinapurAssistant Professor, Dr. D. Veerendra Heggade Institute of Management Studies & Research, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
- Prof. B. VidyavathiAssistant Professor, Dr. D. Veerendra Heggade Institute of Management Studies & Research, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
- Prof. Keerti KulkarniAssistant Professor, Dr. D. Veerendra Heggade Institute of Management Studies & Research, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
- Mamata P. Student, Dr. D. Veerendra Heggade Institute of Management Studies & Research, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
. Ioan Lazăr, Codruţa Osoian, Patricia Raţiu –“The Role Of Work-Life Balance Practices In Order To Improve Organizational Performance”- European Research Studies,Volume Xiii, Issue (1), 2010 . Nancy R. Lockwood- “Work/Life Balance Challenges and Solutions” , 2003 Research Quarterly SHRM 2003 . YAMAMOTO Isamu, MATSUURA Toshiyuki-Effect of Work-Life Balance Practices on Firm Productivity:Evidence from Japanese firm-level panel data, RIETI Discussion Paper Series 12-E-079 December 2012 . N.M.N.P. Dissanayaka, M.A.M. Hussain Ali-“Impact of worklife balance on employees performance: An Empirical Study on Seven Apparel Organizations in Sri Lanka, Proceedings of the Third Lanka. . Hye Kyoung Kim –“ Work-Life Balance and Employees’ Performance: The Mediating Role of Affective Commitment” Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal Vol. 6, No. 1 (2014) . Meyer, J.P., Bobocel, D.R. and Allen, N.J. (1991), “Development of organizational commitment during the first year of employment: A longitudinal study of pre- and post-entry influences”, Journal of Management, Vol. 17 No. 4, pp. 717-733. . Eby, L.T, Casper, W.J, Lockwood. A, Bordeanx, C. And Brindley, A (2005), “work and family research in IO/OB; Content analysis and review of the literature(1980-2002)”, Journal of Vocational Behavior, vol.66,pp.124-97 . Seabury, B. and Sinclair, E. (2004). Taking the Temperature: Work Life Balance in An Post. Work Life Balance Network: Dublin. . Clarke, M., Koch, L., and Hill E. (2004), “The work–family interface: Differentiating balance and fit”, Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 33(2). . McPherson, Mervyl and Reed Phillippa, (2007), The role of managers in worklife balance implementation. Labour, Employment and Work in New Zealand
Prof. Pooja Ainapur, Prof. B. Vidyavathi, Prof. Keerti Kulkarni, Mamata P. "Work Life Balance Policies, Practices and Its Impact on Organizational Performance" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.11-21 2016
In India land data is maintained by the revenue Department and is regularly updated by the latter as and when new data is generated at the sub-district level. Looking at the complexity and volume of land records and data collected at village level by the Revenue Functionary, usage of Hand Held device was proposed. The first device that was used by Land Record Information System was ―Simputer‖ for data collections. The Land Records Information System attempts to cover all processes involved in Recording of Land use, Crop, Tenant and Ownership details including transfer of ownership in its scope of computerization. The Land Records Information System deploys only textual data that is not graphic or spatial. Majority of the data required for land records computerization is available in two important documents per Owner, Mutation register and Land revenue register. Through computerization of the above documents, it is possible to have up to date data and a comprehensive Land Records Information System. This database, once integrated with associated digitized map data, can form a very good base data for development of Geographical Information Systems.
- Page(s): 22-24
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Bhupesh JoshiDepartment of Computer science and Engineering, Birla Institute of Applied sciences, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand, India
- Pankaj SinghDepartment of Computer science and Engineering, Birla Institute of Applied sciences, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand, India
. Enemark, S. (2004): Building Land Information Policies. Proceedings of Special Forum on Building Land Information Policies in the Americas. Aguascalientes, Mexico. . Adlington, G. 2002. Comparative Study of Land Administration Systems with Special Reference to Armenia, Moldova, Latvia and Kyrgyzstan. Synthesis paper for Eastern and Central Europe region prepared for World Bank, Washington, DC. April. . Kent, R. B. (1981). Land Registration and Cadastral Mapping in Less Developed Countries: An Overview. Surveying and Mapping. . Land Equity International. (2004). Computerisation of Land Records: Building on Karnataka‟s Experience. Unpublished report prepared for the World Bank, Washington, DC. . Lao Land Titling Project. (2002). Land Administration Review, Attachment 6. Project review conducted for the World Bank by Land Equity International Pty Ltd. Lao PDR: Land Equity International. . Enemark, S. (2005): A Cadastral Tale. Proceedings of Week of Geomatics, Bogota, Columbia. . Enemark, S. and McLaren, R. (2008). Preventing Informal Development – through Means of Sustainable Land Use Control. Proceedings of FIG Working Week, Stockholm. . Williamson, I.P. and Wallace, J. (2007) New Roles of Land Administration Systems. Proceedings of International Workshop, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. . Kumar, R., Ashok, J. (2002) Taking Internet to Village: A case study of Project at Madurai Region. United Nations Centre for Regional Development. . Bhoomi, Computerizing Land records, https://www.revdept-01.kar.nic.in/Bhoomi/Home.htm https://www.revdept-01.kar.nic.in/Bhoomi/Faq.htm . Chen, C., Veldhuis, R.N.J., Kevenaar, T.A.M., Akkermans, A.H.M. (2007). Multi-Bits Biometric String Generation Based On The Likelihood Ratio. IEEE . UN-Habitat (2003): Handbook on Best practices, Security of Tenure and Access to Land. ISBN: 92-1-131446-1. UN-Habitat, Nairobi. . Steudler, D., Williamson, I., Rajabifard, A., and Enemark, S. (2004). The Cadastral Template Project. Proceedings of FIG. Athens. . Fergus, M., ed. 2006. The Global Land Tool Network: Development of Innovative Pro-Poor Land Tools.” Minutes from GLTN Workshop, Oslo, Norway. . Ballard, L., Kamara, S., Reiter, M. (2008). The Practical Subtleties of Biometric Key Generation. 17th Usenix Security Symposium.
Bhupesh Joshi, Pankaj Singh "Application of Handheld Device for Topographical Mapping in Remote Area “Bhulekh and Crop Updation in Hilly Areas”" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.22-24 2016
Internet Content-based recommendation systems may be used in a variety of domains ranging from recommending web sites, news items, restaurants, television programs, and commodities for sale. Content-based recommendation systems share a common means for describing the items that may be recommended. In this paper, we propose Recommendation System that uses Keywords as input query from user for extracting specific items that match user query from the list. User keywords may consists of keywords words from name of the item, brand and popularity. Here we are calculating the similarity between user given item names and collected item name in the database by using vector space model which in turn uses TF-IDF, Cosine Similarity and finally re-rank top recommended items. We measured satisfaction and accuracy for each system-recommended item to test and evaluated performances of the suggested system. Finally Recommendation System for item based represents high level of satisfaction and accuracy.
- Page(s): 25-29
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Niranjan C KundurDept. of CSE, JSSATE, VTU, Belagavi, India
- Praveen M DhulavvagolDept. of ISE, BVBCET, India
- Prasad M RDept. of CSE, JSSATE, VTU, Belagavi, India
. Antal van den Bosch Toine Bogers, Maxim Gurevich. “Collaborative and Content based Filtering for Item Recommendation on Social Bookmarking Websites". ILK / Tilburg centre for Creative Computing, Tilburg University, pages 1–8, 26th August 2013. . From Lucene Apache. Lucene search engine. https://lucene.apache.org. . Chenguang Pan, Wenxin Li, “Research Paper Recommendation with Topic Analysis”, 2010 International Conference On Computer Design And Applications (ICCDA 2010), vol.4, pp.264-268, 2010. . G. Shani and A. Gunawardana, “Evaluating recommendation systems,” Recommender systems handbook, Springer, 2011, pp. 257–297 . N.F. Matsatsinis, K. Lakiotaki, and P. Delia, “A system based on multiple criteria analysis for scientific paper recommendation,” Proceedings of the 11th Panhellenic Conference on Informatics, 2007, pp. 135–149 . T. Strohman, W.B. Croft, and D. Jensen, “Recommending citations for academic papers,” Proceedings of the 30th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval, ACM, 2007, pp. 705 706. . Rakesh Agrawal, Johannes Gehrke, Dimitrios Gunopulos, and Prabhakar Raghavan. Automatic subspace clustering of high dimensional data for data mining applications. In Proceedings of the 1998 ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, pages 94–105. ACM Press, 1998. . G. Adomavicius, and A. Tuzhilin. "Toward the next generation of recommender systems: A survey of the state-of-the-art and possible extensions." Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on 17, no. 6 (2005): 734-749. . M.J. Pazzani and D. Billsus, “Content-based recommendation systems”, in: P. Brusilovsky, A. Kobsa, W. Nejdl (Eds.), The Adaptive Web, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 4321, Springer-Verlag, 2007, pp. 325–341. . Belkin, N., Croft, B.: Information Filtering and Information Retrieval: Two Sides of the Same Coin? Communications of the ACM 35(12) (1992) 29-38 . Basu, C., Hirsh, H., Cohen W.: Recommendation as Classification: Using Social and Content-Based Information in Recommendation. In: Proceedings of the 15th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Madison, WI (1998) 714-720 . Balabanovic, M., Shoham Y.: FAB: Content-based, Collaborative Recommendation. Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 40(3) (1997) 66-72
Niranjan C Kundur, Praveen M Dhulavvagol, Prasad M R "Recommendation System Based on Content Filtering for Specific Commodity" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.25-29 2016
In this paper investigate the mechanical properties (compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength) and durability properties (Rapid Chloride Penetration Test, RCPT). The comparative study of mechanical and durability properties of RPC at 3,7 and 28 days by varying steel fiber added to concrete (0%,0.5%,1%,1.5%,2%,2.5%). The test results shows the RPC displays excellent compressive and split tensile strength. The adhesion between RPC & the steel fiber is also greater than that for normal concrete.
- Page(s): 30-33
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Deshmukh RajkumarStructural Engineering Department Sardar Patel College of Engineering Andheri (W), India
- Dr. A. A. BageHead of Structural Engineering Department Sardar Patel College of Engineering Andheri (W), India
. MetinIpek, KemalettinYilmaz, Mansur Sumer, Mehmet Saribiyik, Effect of pre-setting pressure applied to mechanical behaviours of reactive powder concrete during setting phase, Construction and Building Materials Journal, 2010. . HalitYazıcı, MertYucelYardımcı, Serdar Aydın, Anil S. Karabulut , Mechanical properties of reactive powder concrete containing mineral admixtures under different curing regimes, Construction and Building Materials, 2008. . Yen Lei Voo, Stephen J. Foster and R. Ian Gilbert, Shear strength of fiber reinforced Reactive Powder Concrete Prestressed girders without stirrups, Journal of ACT,4(1)123-132. . Ming-Gin Lee , Yung-Chih Wang, Chui-Te Chiu; A preliminary study of reactive powder concrete as a new repair material; Construction and Building Materials 21 (2007) 182–189 . AbouzarSadrekarimi, Development of Reactive powder concrete, Journal of ACT vol.2, No.3, 409-417. . Collepardi, L. Coppola, R. Troli, M. Collepardi, Mechanical Properties of modified RPC, 2001 . Pierre Richard, Marcel CheyrezyComposition of reactive powder concrete; Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 25. No. 7, pp. 1501-1511.1995 . Chin-Tsung Liu, Jong-Shin Huang, Fire performance of highly flowable reactive powder concrete, Construction and Building Materials Journal, 2008. . M K Maroliya, C D Modhera, Influence of type of super plasticizer on workability andcompressive strength of reactive powder concrete, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology. . Mahesh K Maroliya1, Chetan D Modhera, Comparative study of RPC containing steel fibers&recron 3s fibers, Journal of Engineering Research and Studies.
Deshmukh Rajkumar Dr. A. A. Bage "Experimental Investigation of Mechanical and Durability Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC)" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering,Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.30-33 2016
‘Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana’ was launched by the Government of India from April, 1999. It was a holistic programme covering all aspects of self-employment such as organization of the poor into Self Help Groups(SHGs), training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing.
- Page(s): 34-38
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Dr. C. S. Dalvi CSIBER, Kolhapur, India
- Smita Shrivastav Professor, Dept. of ECE, St. Xavier’s College, Goa, India
. Agarwal, B.(2010).Gender and Green Governance: The Political Economy of Women’s Presence Within and Beyond Community Forestry. New York: Oxford University Press. . Agarwal,B.(1994). A Field of One’s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia. Cambridge, UK,: Cambridge University Press. . Amendariz,B.;Morduch,J.(2007). The Economics of Microfinance.New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. . Bajaj,R.(2015). Economic Impact of Microfinance. New Delhi: Pearl Books. . Beaman, L.; Duflo,E.;Pandey,R,;Topalova,P. Forthcoming, ―Political Reservation and Substantive Representation: Evidence from Indian Village Councils.‖ In: Beri,S.; Bosworth,B.; . Panagariya,A.;(Eds) India Policy Forum, 2010. Washington DC, and New Delhi:Brookings Institution Press and the National Council of Applied Economic Research. . Becker,G.(1957). The Economics of Discrimination. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. . Bhagwati,J.(2004). In Defense of Globalization. New York: Oxford University Press. . Bhargava,H.;Sharma,R(Eds).(2006).Managing Microfinance – A Corporate Approach,.(Eds.),Hyderabad:The Icfai University Press. . Braun,V.;Joachim;Kennedy,E.(Eds.).(1994). Agricultural Commercialization Economic Development, and Nutrition. Baltimore .MD: Johns Hopkins University Press for International Food Policy Research Institute. . Chowdhury,A.;Bhuiya,A.(2001).Do Poverty Alleviation Programmes Reduce Inequity in Health: Lessons from Bangladesh. In: Leon,D.;Walt,G.(Eds) Poverty Inequity and Health.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. . Cooper,D.;Schindler,P.(2000).Business Research Methods. Delhi:Tata McGraw Hill. . Ghate,P.(2007);Indian Microfinance: The Challenges of Rapid Growth. New Delhi:Sage Publications . Harper, Malcolm, Ezekiel Esipisu, A. K. Mohanty and D. S. K. Rao(1998). The New Middlewomen – Profitable Banking through On-Lending Groups, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Ltd, New Delhi.} . Harper,M.(2003).Practical Microfinance.New Delhi:Vistaar Publications. . Hewett, P.;Amin,S.;Sen,B.(2001). Assessing the Impact of the Garment Work on Quality of Life Measures. In: Sen,B.(Ed.).Growth of Garment Industry in Bangladesh: Economic and Social Dimensions.Dhaka: UPL Publications . Hunt, J.; N. Kasynathan (2001) Pathways to empowerment? Reflections on microfinance and transformations in gender relations in South Asia. In: C.Sweetman.(Ed.). Gender, development and money. Oxford, UK: Oxfam. . Kabeer, N.(2000). The Power to Choose : Bangladeshi Women and Labour Market Decisions in London and Dhaka. London: Verso.
Dr. C. S. Dalvi, Smita Shrivastav "Performance of Woman Self Help Groups" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering,Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.34-38 2016
In this paper a Distribution Static Compensator (DSTATCOM) with LCL filter topology has been planned to compensate varied issues of power quality in distribution system with non linear loads. A 2 level voltage source inverter (VSI) is employed in conjunction with LCL filter to extend voltage support to the VSI. The instantaneous reactive power theory has applied for the effective and economical operating of the DSTATCOM, for this hysteresis current controller (HCC) is enforced to come up with pulses to the VSI and PI controller is employed to keep up constant DC link voltage. The proposed DSTATCOM topology has compensated Source Current Harmonics by injecting shunt currents into the distribution system. Planned topology has been simulated by using MATLAB/SIMULINK.
- Page(s): 39-44
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Sureh PallaAssistant Professor, EEE-Department, GNITS, Hyderabad, India
 S. Ostroznik, P. Bajec, and P. Zajec, “A study of a hybrid filter,” IEEE Trans. Ind.Electron., vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 935–942, Mar. 2010.  A. Ghosh and G. F. Ledwich, Power Quality Enhancement Using Custom Power Devices.. Norwell, MA, USA: Kluwer, 2002.  H. Hu, W. Shi, Y. Lu, and Y. Xing, “Design considerations for DSP- controlled 400 Hz shunt active power filter in an aircraft power system,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 3624–3634, Sep. 2012.  B. Singh and S. Arya, “Back-propagation control algorithm for power quality improvement using DSTATCOM,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 1204–1212, Mar. 2014.  B. Singh and S. Arya, “Implementation of single-phase enhanced phase-locked loop-based control algorithm for three-phase DSTATCOM,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1516–1524, Jul. 2013.  B. Singh and S. Arya, “Implementation of single-phase enhanced phase-locked loop-based control algorithm for three-phase DSTATCOM,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1516–1524, Jul. 2013.  Chandan Kumar, Student Member, IEEE, and Mahesh K. Mishra, Senior Member, IEEE “An Improved Hybrid DSTATCOM Topology to Compensate Reactive and Nonlinear Loads” IEEE transactions on industrial electronics, vol. 61, no. 12, december 2014.  M. Hanif, V. Khadkikar, W. Xiao, and J. Kirtley, “Two degrees of free-dom active damping technique for LC L filter-based grid connected PV systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 2795–2803, Jun. 2014.  M. K. Mishra and K. Karthikeyan, “An investigation on design and switching dynamics of a VSI to compensate unbalanced and nonlinear loads,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 2802–2810, Aug. 2009.
Sureh Palla "DSTATCOM With LCL Filter Topology for Mitigation of Harmonics in Distribution System" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.39-44 2016
I. INTRODUCTION Globalization has become a common term. The topic has been addressed in popular books, such as Thomas L. Friedman’s The World is Flat (Friedman, 2005) and in scholarly research, such as Williamson’s Globalisation, Convergence, and History (Williamson, 1996). A relatively small set of multinational enterprise (MNE’s) constitutes the bulk of the world’s trade. In fact, the largest 500 MNE’s represent over 90% of foreign direct investment and conduct more than half of the world’s trade.To facilitate these international business dealings, organizations must have competent global managers. A number of studies have looked into what organizational characteristics, environment and climate are conducive to leading global endeavors. All of these studies illustrate the various HR interventions; which will optimize an organization’s potential for succeeding as a global enterprise. The few new age HR interventions, which can be enlisted are – (HRMSi) HRM Strategic Integration, Talent Management, Transition Management, Diversity Management and related areas.In brief, it can be stated that, “ HR today has undergone a paradigm shift. It’s primary role is that of “ASPIRATIONS MANAGEMENT” rather than “PEOPLE MANAGEMENT”. HR needs to understand employees as “Individuals” and then as “Professionals”. Empowered individuals can only become valued employees; who will be the right ones to create value for the business and customers. And hence empowerment has become the important intervention of Aspirations Management. Does Empowerment create indispensable employees in the Disposable world?
- Page(s): 45-57
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Prof. Pranali LuteSansoft Web Technologies Pvt. Ltd, Nagpur, India
- Prof. Shulagna SarkarSansoft Web Technologies Pvt. Ltd, Nagpur, India
. Human capital Vol.8 No.9 Feb 2005. Future of work, NHRD Publication . Training instruments in HRD & OD, second edition, Udai Pareek. . Becoming an indispensable employee in disposable world, Neal Whitten, S. Chand Publication . Organizational behavior – human behavior at work, John .W. Newstrom & Keith Davis. . https://www.motivation-tools.com/workplace/history.htm) . www. Rhemagroup.com . MBA-2005 dissertation on critical analysis of the tools and level of empowerment, of the employees of ISPAT industries ltd, Kalmeshwar, Nagpur – guided by Prof. Pranali Lute
Prof. Pranali Lute, Prof. Shulagna Sarkar "Empowerment – A Tool for Creating Indispensable Employees in the Disposable World. (A View of The Banking Sector of Nagpur, Maharashtara)" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.43-57 2016
Micro concrete and different types of fibre reinforced composite materials are becoming most frequently used in civil engineering structures. Strengthening of reinforced concrete columns by means of confinement with fibre reinforced composite materials and micro concrete is one of the most practical applications of these materials. In this paper comparative study of behaviour of reinforced and unreinforced circular concrete columns retrofitted by micro concrete and CFRP confinement is studied. The test result shows the increase in load carrying capacity and enhanced deformation of specimens confined with CFRP and micro concrete as compared to integral circular specimens without wrapping.
- Page(s): 58-61
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Vikram JadhavResearch Scholar, Structural Engineering Dept. Sardar Patel College of Engg. Andheri (W) Mumbai, India
- Dr. Rosalin SahooAsst. Professor, Structural Engineering Dept. Sardar Patel College of Engg. Andheri (W) Mumbai, India
. Rajeev Kaul, R. Sri Ravindrarajah, Scott T. Smith (2006) – “Deformational Behaviour Of FRP Confined Concrete Under Sustained Compression”, Third International Conference on FRP composites in Civil Engineering, 1-4. . Rahai A.R, Sadeghian P and Ehsani M.R (2008) – “Experimental Behaviour of Concrete Cylinders Confined with CFRP Composites”, The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 1-9. . Riad Benzaid, Nasr-Eddine Chikh and Habib Mesbah (2009) – “Study of the Compressive Behaviour of Short Concrete Columns Confined By Fibre Reinforced Composite”, The Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Volume 34, Number 1B, 1-12. . Ciprian Cozmanciuc, Ruxandra Oltean and Vlad Muntean (2009) – “Strengthening Techniques of RC Columns Using Fibre Reinforced Polymer Materials”, Bul. Inst. Polit. Iaşi, t. LV (LIX), f. 3, 1-8. . Claudio Modena (2010) – “Repair and Strengthening Interventions on Vertical and Horizontal Elements”, Engineer’s Seminar - Historic Buildings and Earthquake, 11-12 . N. Chikh, M. Gahmous, R. Benzaid (2012) – “Structural Performance of High Strength Concrete Columns Confined with CFRP Sheets”, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, Vol III, 1-6. . K.P. Jaya, Jessy Mathai (2012) – “Strengthening of RC Columns using GFRP and CFRP”, 15 WCEE LISBOA, 1-10. . Pham, Minh T, Doan, V. and HadiM. N. (2013) - “Strengthening square reinforced concrete columns by circularization and FRP confinement”, Research Online - Construction and Building Materials, 490-499. . Mohammad M. Zaki M. Afifi (2013) – “Behaviour of Circular Concrete Columns Reinforced with FRP Bars and Stirrups”, A dissertation submitted for Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sherbrooke, Canada, 1-261. . Manish Kumar Tiwari, Rajiv Chandak, R.K. Yadav (2014) – “Strengthening of reinforced concrete circular columns using glass fibre reinforced polymers”, Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 4 (Version 4), pp.50-54. . Azadeh Parvin and David Brighton (2014) – “FRP Composites Strengthening of Concrete Columns under Various Loading Conditions”, Polymers, Volume - 6, 1040-1056. . J. Raja Murugadoss, Byung-Jae Lee, Jin Wook Bang, G. Ganesh Prabhu and Yun Yong Kim (2015) – “Performance Analysis of CFRP Composite Strips Confined RC Columns under Axial Compression”, Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, Article ID 170295, 1-18. . Sameh Yehia (2015) – “Behavior of Low Compressive Strength Short Columns Strengthened With External GFRP Strips/Jacket Techniques”, International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research, Vol. 3, Issue 04 1 ISSN 2347-4289.
Vikram Jadhav, Dr. Rosalin Sahoo "Behaviour of Reinforced and Unreinforced Circular Concrete Columns Retrofitted By Microconcrete & CFRP Confinement" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.58-61 2016
Staphylococcus aureus is a gram positive, non-motile bacterium which normally colonizes in skin and mucosa of human and animal, transmitted by direct contact or via contaminated surfaces, which causes infections like skin infections , respiratory infections and food poisoning. Methicillin is a narrow spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class which was previously used for the treatment of infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. In 1948 it was observed that 50% of staphylococcal isolates from patients in a United Kingdom hospital were resistant to penicillin. Since then 90 to 95% strains of S. aureus were resistant to penicillin. In 1959 methicillin, a penicillinase-resistant penicillin was introduced to overcome the penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, but after few years, S. aureus strain became resistant to methicillin also and so the birth of MRSA occurred. MRSA has been detected in wide range of species including companion animal and wildlife animal. Pigs are considered to be true reservoir hosts for MRSA, causing mastitis in cattle, dogs are more infected with MRSA in comparison to cats, in horses most of the cases of MRSA infections were reported in large studs. MRSA has been isolated from wild animals like cottontail rabbit, lesser yellow migratory shore bird, Wild rat, wood mice red deer, Iberian ibex, vulture, wild boar etc. Certain facts showed that these organisms can be transferred from human to animals and from animals to humans. Most of MRSA infections are skin infections producing symptoms like cellulitis, boils, abscesses, sty, carbuncles, impetigo and rash. For the diagnosis of MRSA antimicrobial susceptibility tests (AST) such as agar disc diffusion technique is used. Cefoxitin disc diffusion is the most sensitive methods for detecting MRSA isolates showing negative and positive predictive values of 100% and 98%, respectively. For the treatment of clinical cases of MRSA, antibiotics such as trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, clindamycin and doxycycline, topical treatments and other measures have been used successfully.
- Page(s): 62-66
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Ankit Kumar Singh M.V.Sc. Student, Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary University, Jabalpur, M.P., India
- Rajesh Kumar M.V.Sc. Student, Animal Nutrition College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary University, Jabalpur, M.P., India
- Pankaj Jain Ph.D. Scholar, Veterinary Surgery and Radiology College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary University, Jabalpur, M.P., India
- C. D. Malapure Teaching Associate, Animal Nutrition College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary University, Jabalpur, M.P., India
. Aklilu E, Zunita Z, Hassan L, Chen HC (2010) Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from dogs and cats at University Veterinary Hospital, University Putra Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine, 27(3): 483-492. . Quinn PJ, Carter ME, Markey BK, Carter GR, (2000) Staphylococcus species In: Clinical veterinary microbiology, Mosby, Edinburgh pp. 118-126. . Moran GJ, Krishnadasan A, Gorwitz RJ (2006) Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections among patients in the emergency department. The New England Journal of Medicine 355: 666. . Cohn LA, Middleton JR (2010) A veterinary perspective on methicillin-resistant staphylococci. Journal Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 20(1): 31-4. . Rich M, Roberts L, (2004) Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from companion animals. Veterinary Record 154(10): 310. . Weese JS, Caldwell F, Willey BM, Kreiswirth BN, McGeer A, Rousseau J, Low DE (2006) An outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin infections resulting from horse to human transmission in a veterinary hospital. Veterinary Microbiology 114(1-2): 160-164. . Ferreira JP, Anderson KL, Correa MT, Lyman R, Ruffin F, (2011) Transmission of MRSA between Companion Animals and Infected Human Patients Presenting to Outpatient Medical Care Facilities. Plos One, 6 (11). . Verkade E, Kluytmans J (2014) Livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus CC398: animal reservoirs and human infections. Infection Genetics and Evolution 21: 523-530. . Kirby WMM (1944) Extraction of a highly potent penicillin inactivator from penicillin resistant staphylococci. Science 99(2579): 452-453. . Barber M, Rozwadowska M (1948) Infection by penicillin resistant staphylococci. Lancet. 252(6532): 641-644. . Kim, J. Y. (2009) Understanding the Evolution of Methicillin-Resistant, Clinical Microbiology Newsletter 31(3): 17-23. . Morgan M (2008) Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and animals: zoonosis or humanosis? Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 62(6):1181-1187. . Ellington MJ, Hope R, Livermore DM, Kearns AM, Henderson K, Cookson BD, Pearson A, Johnson AP (2010) Decline of EMRSA-16 amongst methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus causing bacteraemias in the UK between 2001 and 2007. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 65(3): 446-448. . Loeffler A, Pfeiffer DU, Lindsay JA., Magalhaes RJ, Lloyd DH (2011) Prevalence of and risk factors for MRSA carriage in companion animals: a survey of dogs, cats and horses. Epidemiology and Infection 139(7): 1091-1028. . Loeffler A, Lloyd DH, (2010) Companion animals: a reservoir for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the community? Epidemiology and Infectection 138(5): 595–605. . Loncaric I, Kübber-Heiss A, Posautz A, Stalder GL, Hoffmann D, Rosengarten R, Walzer C, (2014) mecC and mecA-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from livestock sharing habitat with wildlife previously tested positive for mecC-positive MRSA. Veterinary Dermatology 25(2): 147–148. . Paterson GK, Harrison EM, Holmes MA, (2014) The emergence of mecC MRSA. Trends in Biotechnology 22(1): 42-46. . Dancer SJ (2008) Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition: the case for hospital cleaning. The Lancet Infectectious Disease, 8(2): 101-113. . Weese JS, Archambault M, Willey BM, Dick H, Hearn P, Kreiswirth BN, Said-Salim B, McGeer A, Likhoshvay Y, Prescott JF (2005) Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in horses and horse personnel, 2000–2002. Emerg. The Journal of Infectious Disease 11(3): 430-435. . Hackbarth CJ, Kocagoz T, Kocagoz S, Chambers HF (1995) Point mutations in Staphylococcus aureus PBP2 gene affect penicillin-binding kinetics and are associated with resistance. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother 39:103–106. . Khanna T, Friendship R, Dewey C, Weese J S (2008) Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in pigs and pig farmers. Veterinary Microbiology 128(3-4): 298-303. . Lee JH (2003) Methicillin (Oxacillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from major food animals and their potential transmission to humans. Appllied and Environmental Microbiology 69(11): 6489-6494. . Karthy ES, Ranjitha P, Mohan A, (2009) Performance of CHROM Agar and Oxacillin Resistant Screening Agar Base Media for Detection of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from Chronic Wound. Modern Applied Science 3 . Stoakes L, Reyes R, Daniel J, Lennox G, John MA, Lannigan R, Hussain Z (2006) Prospective comparison of a new chromogenic medium, MRSA Select to CHROM agar, MRSA and mannitol salt medium supplemented with oxacillin or cefoxitin for detection of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 44: 637-639. . Valesco D, Tomas M, Cartelle M, Beceiro A, Perez A, Molina F, Moure R, Villanueva R, Bou G. (2005) Evaluation of different methods for detecting methicillin (oxacillin) resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 55(3): 379-382. . Catry BE, Duijkeren MC, Pomba C, Greko MA, Moreno S, Pyörälä M, Ruzauskas Sanders EJ, Threlfall F, Ungemach K, Törneke C, Munoz-Madero J, Torren-Edo (2010) Scientific Advisory Group on Antimicrobials (SAGAM): Reflection paper on MRSA in food-producing and companion animals: Epidemiology and control options for human and animal health. Epidemiol. Infect., 138(5): 626-644
Ankit Kumar Singh, Rajesh Kumar, Pankaj Jain and C. D. Malapure "Perspectives of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.62-66 2016
Concrete is abundant manmade material in the world. One of the main ingredients in normal concrete mixture is Portland Cement (PC) depending on demand of PC the rate of cement increases day by day and it will affect cost of construction. However production of PC is also for increase in level of carbon-dioxide emission in environment. There is need to identify alternate material for cement. As fly ash & Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) is waste product obtained by coal & steel industry respectively. Present work necessarily deals with the “Utilization of waste material in concrete”. Total 45 tests were conducted with percentage variation of cement, GGBS & fly ash and test includes compressive strength test & Non-destructive test etc. It is observed from test results that partial and full replacement of cement with GGBS & fly ash is successfully possible whereas strength of geo-polymer concrete & conventional concrete shows similar behavior. Further it is noted that cost of geo-polymer concrete & conventional concrete is also nearly same.
- Page(s): 67-71
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- R. B.SheralAssistant Professor Dept. of Civil Engg., JSPM’s Rajarshi Shahu College of Engineering Pune, India
- D. SutarStudents Dept. of Civil Engg., JSPM’s Rajarshi Shahu College of Engineering Pune, India
- P. JagdaneStudents Dept. of Civil Engg., JSPM’s Rajarshi Shahu College of Engineering Pune, India
. Khatib J M , Sohl and Chileshe N ( 2012 ) “Glass powder utilization in concrete product” European journal of applied sciences 4 (4):173-176,2012 issn 2079-2077 @ IDOSI publications. . HasanYildirim and BarisAltun,”Usage of Molasses in concrete as a water reducing and retarding admixture”, Indian Journal of Engineering and materials sciences ,19,2012 , pp 421 – 426 . Sundarkumar ,J Vasugi ,P S Ambily and B H Bharatkumar (2013) development and determination properties of flyash and slag blended geo-polymer concrete , international journal of scientific and engg research volume 4 issue 8. . Patil Dhanraj Mohan and Dr.Sangle Keshav K (2013) “Experimental Investigation of Waste Glass Powder as Partial Replacement of Cement in Concrete”. International Journal of Advanced Technology in Civil Engineering, ISSN: 2231 –5721, Volume-2, Issue-1, 2013. . Vasudevan Gunalaan and Pillay Seri Ganis Kanapathy “Performance of Using Waste Glass Powder In Concrete As Replacement Of Cement” American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) e-ISSN : 2320-0847 p-ISSN : 2320-0936 Volume-02, Issue-12 . Roz-Ud-Din and Nassar, Parviz Soroushian (2012) “Strength and durability of recycled aggregate concrete containing milled glass as partial replacement for cement” Construction and Building Materials 29. . IS 10262:2009; Mix design of concrete. . IS 456:2000; Plain and Reinforced concrete code of practice..
R. B. Sheral, D. Sutar, P. Jagdane "Utilization of Waste Materials (GGBS+FLY ASH)" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.67-71 2016
With the advent of technology, there has been exploding increase in the generation of data. The data exists in different formats like text, audio, video, image referred as big data. Due to this continuous increment and dependency on web requires security towards the private data. When this large amount of data travels through the internet then there is the problem of securing, managing, storing and analysing the data. The major issue then arises is the privacy and security of big data. The importance of Big Data does not revolve around how much is the amount of data, but what to do with it. Data can be taken from various sources and analyse in order to find answers that enables cost reduction ,time reduction, new product development and optimizing offering, smart decision making. Then, a big question arises is- ‘what security and privacy technology is adequate for controlled assured sharing for efficient direct access to big data’. This paper presents a quick review of the security issues and various approaches to overcome them.
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Risha TabassumM.Tech Scholar, Department of CSE, MIET, Meerut, India
- Dr. Nidhi TyagiAssociate Professor, Department of CSE, MIET, Meerut, India
 Kalyani Shirudkar & Dilip Motwani, “Big-Data security”, IJARCSSE, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2015.  Bindiya M.K & Ravi Kumar G.k, “Securing Big Data over network using MD5 algorithm technique”, IJCS, Volume 123-No.15, August 2015.  Lohr s, “The age of big data[J]”. New York Times, 2012,11.  McCune J C. Data, data everywhere [J]. Management Review, 1998,87(10): 10-12.  Gantz J, Reinsel D. The digital universe in 2020: Big data, bigger digital shadows, and Biggest growth in the Far East [J]. IDC iView: IDC Analyze the Future, 2012..  Vinit Gopal Savant, “Approaches to solve Big data security issues and comparative study of cryptographic algorithms for Data Encryption”, Volume 3, Issue 3, May-June, 2015.  Elisa Bertino, “Big Data- Opportunities and Challenges”.  Vanya Diwan, Shubhra Malhotra,Rachna Jain, “Cloud Security Solutions: Comparison Among Various Algorithms”,Volume 4,Issue 4, April 2014.  Dave Marshall, “Remote Procedure Call”,May 1995, www.cs.cf.ac.uk/Dave/C/node33.htm.  Michael Cooper & Peter Mell, “Tackling Big Data” ,NIST Information Technology Laboratory, Computer Security Division, Dept. of commerce, US.  Information Commissioner‟s Office, “Big Data and Data Protection”, Version: 1.0, 1998.  Priya P. Sharma, Chandrakant P. Navdeti, “Securing Big Data Hadoop: A Review of Security Issues, Threats and Solution”, IJCSIT, Volume 5, Issue 2, 2014, 2126-2131.  R. Schell, "Security – A Big Question for Big Data", IEEE International Conference on Big Data.
Risha Tabassum, Dr. Nidhi Tyagi "Issues and Approaches for Big Data Security" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.72-74 2016
INTRODUCTION The 20th century has seen the liquidation of all combustible matter of which the liquid and solid fuel like petrol, diesel and coal are not exception. As we know fuel will deplete in 21st century and also in a few years the fuel prices will shoot up sky high.In today’s restless world, revolution is an ominous word. The speed with which technologies become obsolete is amazing. The interest in electrical vehicle has not grown out all of a sudden. Electric vehicle has been around since before the turn of the century. The electric vehicle concept first began in the 1890’s but ready availability of petroleum products made gasoline driven vehicle both faster and cheaper. Significant factor, which stimulate the revival of the electric vehicles, are energy cost, energy independence and environmental protection. Because of the upcoming shortage of gasoline products, their cost and limitation in supply have encouraged the use of electric vehicles as a possible alternative mode of transportation. Major reasons of the rekindling of interest in the electric vehicles are environmental considerations that electricity is superior to gasoline. The innovation in battery design will make the electric vehicle a practical means of transport in future. The electric vehicle needs just a bit of support from both the government and public to take it to the where it truly belongings to the healthier, cleaner alternative motor vehicle. The time is not so far when no garage will be without electric vehicle. Electric vehicle transportation is more than a vision for the future.
- Page(s): 75-78
- Date of Publication: 31 July 2016
- Dandapani PAssistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering PESIT-BSC Bangalore, India
- Benjamin RohitAssistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering PESIT-BSC Bangalore, India
. Electric Vehicles – Charging Stands & Infrastructure, Mark Clapper, GE Specification Engineer, 2010 . A Technical Research Report: The Electric Vehicle, Rony Argueta , University of California Santa Barbara College of Engineering, 2010 . Controlling of brushless DC motors in electric bicycles using electronic based circuit with 8 bit micro-controller. . V. Thiyagarajan, V. Sekar ,Assistant Prof. (Sl.Gr), Department of EEE, TRP Engineering College, Tamilnadu, India, 2012 . DESIGN OF AN ELECTRICAL DRIVE FOR MOTORIZED VEHICLES, C. Boccaletti, G. Duni, P. Petrucci, E. Santini . Electric Vehicles Revisited –Costs, Subsidies and Prospects, Philippe Crist, International Transport Forum at the OECD, Paris, 2012 . PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF TWO STROKE PETROL ENGINE, Abhishek Chakraborty, Shivamsharma, 2011.
Dandapani P, Benjamin Rohit "Hybrid Bike with Solar Charging (Petrol Cum Electric)" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.5 issue 7, pp.75-78 2016