In this paper, empirical analyses of mergesort algorithm has been performed to observe its run-time behaviour in personal computer. It has been observed that the behavioural pattern of its worst case matches best with series of Fourier curves, and we found that Fourier series with five harmonics matches the best.
- Page(s): 01-06
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Arijit ChakrabortyDepartment of BCA, The Heritage Academy Chowbaga, Anadapur, East Kolkata Township, Kolkata-700107, India
- Avik MitraDepartment of BCA, The Heritage Academy Chowbaga, Anadapur, East Kolkata Township, Kolkata-700107, India
- Dipankar DasDepartment of BCA, The Heritage Academy Chowbaga, Anadapur, East Kolkata Township, Kolkata-700107, India
 Andrew Davidson, David Tarjan, Michael Garland, and John D. Owens, ―Efficient Parallel Merge Sort for Fixed and Variable Length Keys‖, Proceedings of Innovative Parallel Computing, InPar‘ 12, pp 1-9, May 2012.  Jyrki Katajainen, Tomi Pasanen, and Jukka Teuhola, ―Practical In-place Mergesort‖, Nordic Journal of Computing, Vol. 3.1., pp 27-40, 1996.  S. Todd, ―Algorithm and Hardware for a Merge Sort Using Multiple Processors‖, IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol 22, no. 5, pp 509-517, 1978.  Enrico Nardelli, Guido Proietti, ―Efficient Unbalanced Mergesort‖, Information Sciences, Vol. 176, Issue 10, pp 1321-1337, May 2006.  Lasse Natvig, ―Investigating the Practical Value of Cole‘s O(log n) Time CREW PRAM Merge Sort Algorithm‖, Proceedings of The Fifth International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences (ISCIS V), pp 627-636, October 1990.  Dina Bitton and David J. Dewitt, ―Duplicate Record Elimination in Large Data Files‖, ACM Transactions on Database Systems, Vol.8, no. 2, pp 255-265, 1983.  Jyrki Katajainen and Jesper Larsson Traff, ―A Meticulous Analysis of Mergesort Programs‖, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1203, pp 217-228, 1997.  Jatin Chhugani, William Mary, Aram Baranasi, Anthony D. Ngyuyen, Mostafa Hagog, Sanjeev Kumar, Victor W. Lee, Yen-Kuang Chen, Pradeep Dubey, ―Efficient Implementation of Sorting on Multi-core SIMD CPU Architecture‖, Proceedings of VLDB Endowment, Vol. 1, Issue 2, pp 1313-1324, August 2008.  Richa Gupta and Sanjiv Tokekar, ―Proficient Pair of Replacement Algorithms on L1 and L2 Cache for Merge Sort‖, CoRR, 2010.  Minsoo Jeon and Dongseung Kim, ―Parallel Merge Sort with Load Balancing‖, International Journal on Parallel Programming, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp 21-33, February 2003.  Stephan Wong, Stamatis Vassiliadis and Jae Young Hur, ―Parallel Merge sort on a Binary Tree On-chip Network‖, Proceedings of the 16th Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC), pp 365-368, 2005.  M.Rajasekharan Babu, P. Venkata Krishna, Dinesh Kumar, V. Shravan, ‖Performance Analysis of Odd-even Merge Sort by Using OpenMP, MPI and Concurrent Java‖, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 1, Issue 3, pp 1200-1202, October 2011.  Polynomial curve fitting – MATLAB polyfit – Mathworks India, polyfit, [online], https://www.mathworks.in/help/matlab/ref/polyfit.html (Accessed: April, 2014).  Exponential Models – MATLAB & Simulink – Mathworks India, Exponential Models, [online], https://www.mathworks.in/help/curvefit/exponential.html (Accessed: April, 2014).  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Available from: https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/36390/8-13Fall-2002/NR/rdonlyres/Physics/8-13Experimental-Physics-I---II--Junior-Lab-Fall2002/031FB55D-EEFC-4B2C-9049-B7C4FD8BA3E0/0/matlabcurvefittingtoolbox.pdf (Accessed: December, 2013).  Evaluating Goodness of Fit – MATLAB & Simulink – MathWorks India, MathWorks, [online], https://www.mathworks.in/help/curvefit/evaluating-goodness-of-fit.html (Accessed: November, 2013).  Graphic Residual Analysis, OriginLab, [online], https://www.originlab.com/www/helponline/origin/en/UserGuide/Graphic_Residual_Analysis.html (Accessed: November, 2013).  D. Das, A. Chakraborty, A. Mitra, ―Sample Based Curve Fitting Computation on the Performance of Quicksort in Personal Computer‖, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Volume 5, Issue 2, February 2014.  188.8.131.52. 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Arijit Chakraborty , Avik Mitra , Dipankar Das "Empirical Analysis of Merge sort in Personal Computer by Curve Fitting Technique" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.07-12 2015
the current era where meat products are gaining high value in the market has increased the risk of many diseases including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, obesity etc. A diet rich in antioxidants and fiber can help prevent the risk of these diseases up to a certain level. In the following studies apples were peeled, pulped and dried in freeze drier. The meat patties were incorporated with apple peel, apple pulp and strawberry at 3%, 5% and 7% concentration in the powdered form. Incorporation of fruit powders significantly increased the moisture content and decreased the emulsion stability. Cooking yield of the products containing fruit powders at different concentrations was significantly lower (p<0.05) than the control. Also the nutritional analysis for carbohydrate, protein, fat and vitamin content was analysed where there was increase in carbohydrate and vitamin content and decrease in protein and fat content as compared to the control. The sensory analysis found better results for the patty incorporated with apple peel powder at 5% and was proved that the fruit powder did no harm in taste, quality and texture of the meat product.
- Page(s): 07-12
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Sandra.A.MonisDept of Food Process Engineering,School of Bioengineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamilnadu
- Sasikala.SDept of Food Process Engineering,School of Bioengineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamilnadu
- Anjana BoraDept of Food Process Engineering,School of Bioengineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamilnadu
- Vinothini.KDept of Food Process Engineering,School of Bioengineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamilnadu
 Valeia Velasco, Pamela Williams. 2011. Improving meat quality through natural antioxidants. Chillean journal of agricultural research. 71(2):313-322  Fasseas, M.K., K.C. Mountzouris, P.A. Tarantilis, M. Polissiou, and G. Zervas. 2007. Antioxidant activity in meat treated with oregano and sage essential oils. Food Chemistry 106:1188-1194.  Han J, Rhee KS (2005) Antioxidant properties of selected oriental non culinary/nutraceutical herb extracts as evaluated in raw and cooked meat. Meat Sci 36:169–189  Boyer Jeanelle., Riu Hai Lui. 2004. Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits. Biomed central. Nutrition journal.3: 2-15.  Wang Shiow, Lewers Kim. 2007. Antioxidant Capacity and Flavonoid Content in Wild Strawberries. Journal of American science horticultural science 132(5):629–637.  Bampidis, V.A., V. Christodoulou, P. Florou-Paneri, E. Christaki, A.B. Spais, and P.S. Chatzopoulou. 2005. Effect of dietary dried oregano leaves supplementation on performance and carcass characteristics of growing lambs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 121:285-295.  Verma Arun, Rajkumar, Banerjee Rituparna, Biswas, Das Arun. 2013. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Powder as an Antioxidant Dietary Fibre in Sheep Meat Nuggets. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. Vol. 26, No. 6 : 886-895  Carpenter R, O‟Grady MN, O‟Callaghan YC, O‟Brien NM, Kerry JP. Evaluation of the antioxidant potential of grape seed and bearberry extracts in raw and cooked pork. Meat Sci. 76: 604-610 (2007).  Qin Yu, Zhang Zhi-Hong, Li Lin, Xiong Wei, Shi Jun-Yu, Fan Jhian. 2013. Antioxidant Effect of Pomegranate Rind Powder Extract, Pomegranate Juice, and Pomegranate Seed Powder Extract as Antioxidants in Raw Ground Pork Meat. Food Sci. Biotechnol. 22(4): 1063-1069  Fernandez-Lopez J, Sevilla L, Sayas-Barbera ME, Navarro Marin F, Perez-Alvarez JA (2003) Evaluation of the antioxidant potential of hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) extract in cooked pork meat. J Food Sci 68:660–664  Brannan RG (2008) Effect of grape seed extract on physicochemical properties of ground, salted, chicken thigh meat during refrigerated storage at different relative humidity levels. J Food Sci 73:36–39  Djenane, D., A. Sánchez-Escalante, J.A. Beltrán, and P. Roncalés. 2002. Ability of α-tocopherol, taurine and rosemary, in combination with vitamin C, to increase the oxidative stability of beef steaks packaged in modified atmosphere. Food Chemistry 76:407-415.  A. Noridayah, Babji A.S, Nozamir M.N, Norazlanshah H. 2011. Effects of mango (Mangnifera indica L) and guava (Psidium guajava) extract on frozen chicken meat balls‟ storage quality.
Sandra.A.Monis, Sasikala.S, Anjana Bora, Vinothini.k "Incorporation of Dried Fruit Powder into Cooked Mutton Patties and its Effects on Nutritional Qualities" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 5, pp.07-12 2015
Lactic acid plays a vital role in several biochemical processes. In this present age of development of food and biotechnological products being the state of the art the application of lactic acid is ever increasing. The present investigation aims at the use of sugar-cane juice as an alternative carbon source for production of lactic acid. The mode of production of Lactic Acid by fermentation route was studied in a laboratory scale glass bio-reactor following the methodology of few published literatures. The optimization of process parameters like temperature and reaction time were done, the optimized range being 42-43C and 5-6 days for reasonable conversion. The deterministic process model was attempted using Monod equation, the kinetic parameters were evaluated as Ks = 0.36 gm/100 ml and μmax =3.16 (1/hr) at aerobic condition. The model was tested with experimental backup: the goodness of fit was found to be in the regime of 0.85 to 0.95.
- Page(s): 13-16
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Shubham SharmaDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata 700107, India
- Gitika Rani SahaDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata 700107, India
- Sayani ThakurPacific & Scientific Consultancy Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata 700028, India
- Swami VedajnanandaDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata 700107, India
 Patel Milind (2006) Isolation and Characterization of Acid-Tolerant, Thermophilic Bacteria for Effective Fermentation of Biomass-Derived Sugars to Lactic Acid: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 10.1128/AEM.72.5.3228-3235.2006  Kim KI, Kim WK, Seo DK, Yoo IS, Kim EK, Yoon HH (2003). Production of lactic acid from food wastes. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 105-108: 637-647.  Laopaiboon,(2010) Acid hydrolysis of sugarcane bagasse for lactic acid production, Bioresource Technology, Volume 101, Issue 3, February 2010, Pages 1036-1043  Sikder J,(2012), Techno-economic analysis of a membrane-integrated bioreactor system for production of lactic acid from sugarcane juice: Biochemical Engineering Journal, Volume 63, 15 April 2012, Pages 81-87  Sakdaronnarong,(2014), Two-step acid and alkaline ethanolysis/alkaline peroxide fractionation of sugarcane bagasse and rice straw for production of polylactic acid precursor:Biochemical Engineering Journal, Volume 85, 15 April 2014, Pages 49-62.
Shubham Sharma, Gitika Rani Saha, Sayani Thakur, Swami Vedajnananda "Studies on Production of Lactic Acid Using Fermentation Route and Ascertaining its Process Variables " International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp. 13-16 2015
This paper investigated the study of biochemical and nutritional content of tray dried edible bamboo shoot ( Bambusa balcooa) powder (BSP). The biochemical and nutritional analysis of bamboo shoot powder of Bambusa balcooa results showed that it contained 90.78 % moisture, 0.88% ash, 0.28% fat, %2.96 protein, 5.28% carbohydrate. The colour analysis of bamboo shoot powder was performed using Hunter colori meter. The present study indicated that the bamboo shoot powder (BSP) could significantly use as a food additive on the basis of its nutritional composition in different food applications.
- Page(s): 17-20
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Anjana Bora Department of Food Process Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Chennai, India
- Sasikala. SDepartment of Food Process Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Chennai, India
- Sandra Aveena MonisDepartment of Food Process Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Chennai, India
- Vinothini KDepartment of Food Process Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Chennai, India
References Upreti TC, Sundriyal RC. Indigenous resources and community dependence: a case study from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Grassroots Voices - A J Resour Dev. 2001, 6(1–2):28–39  Sharma.L (1980). Bamboos in the Asia-Pacific region. In: Lessard G, Chouinard A (ed) Bamboo research in Asia. Proceedings of a workshop held in Singapore. International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada. pp. 99–120  Sharma.L(1987) Inventory and resource of bamboos. In: Rao AN, Dhanarajan G, Sastry CB (eds) Recent research on bamboo. Proceedings of the International Bamboo Workshop, Hangzhou, China, 6th-14th October, 1985. Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, China; International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada. pp. 1–17.  Bhatt B.P., Singh K. and Singh A., Nutritional values of some commercial edible bamboospecies of North Eastern Himalayan region,India. Journal of Bamboo and Rattan. 4, 896-898 (2005).  Chen Y, Quin W, Li X, Gong J, Ni M. 1985. Study on chemical composition of ten species of bamboo. Chem Ind For Prod 5:39–46.  Kumbhare V. and Bhargava A., Effect of processing on nutritional value of central Indian Bamboo shoots. Part-1. J. Food Sci.Tech. 44, 29-31 (2007).  . Nirmala C., David E. and Sharma M.L., Changes in nutrient components during aging of emerging juvenile Bamboo shoots.Int. J. Food Sci. Nut. 53, 1-7 (2007).  Nirmala C., Sharma M.L. and David E., A comparative study of nutrients components of freshly harvested, fermented and canned Bamboo shoots of Dendrocalamus giganteus Munro. J. Amer. Bamboo Soc. 21, 33-39 (2008).  Satya S., Bal L.M., Singhal P. and Naik S. N.,Bamboo shoot processing: food quality and safety aspect (a review). Trends in Food Science & Technology, 21(4), 181–189(2010).  Park EJ, Jhon DY. 2010. The antioxidant, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition activity, and phenolic compounds of bamboo shoot extracts. Food Sci Techn 43:655–9.  Sarangthem K, Singh TN. 2003c. Transformation of fermented bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper) shoots into phytosterols by microorganisms. J Food Sci Tech 40:622–5.  Xu S, Cao W, Song Y, Fang L. 2005. Analysis and evaluation of protein and  amino acid nutritional components of different species of bamboo shoots. Food Sci 26:222–7.  Zheng LW, Kai HH, Qi XS, Zhen HP. Bamboo resources, utilization and ex-situ conservation in Xishuangbanna, south-eastern China. J Forest Res. 2008;19(1):79–83  . Pandey A.K., OjhaV., Yadav S. and Sahu S.K., Phytochemical evaluation and radical scavenging activity of Bauhinia variegata, Saraca asoka and Terminalia arjuna barks. Res. J. Phytochem. 2, 89-97 (2011).  Gupta V.K., Kumria R., Garg M. and Gupta M., Recent updates on free radicals scavenging flavonoids: An overview. Asian J. Plant Sci. 9, 108-117 (2010).  Hua X (1987) Bamboo shoot cultivation and management in Japan. In: Symposium on bamboo professional commission of zhaihiang forestry society, pp. 16  Qing BD, Zheng LW, Kai HH, Qi XS, Zhen HP. Bamboo resources, utilization and ex-situ conservation in Xishuangbanna, south-eastern China. J Forest Res. 2008;19(1):79–83.  Shi Q.T. and Yang K.S., Study on relationship between nutrients in bamboo shoots and human health. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Industrial Use of Bamboo, December 7-11, 1992,International Tropical Timber Organization and Chinese Academy, Beijing, China pp:338-346 (1992).  Satya.S,chal P, Prabhu VG, Bal LM, Sudhakar P (2009b).Exploring the nutraceutical potential and food safety aspect of bamboo shoot of some Indian species. VIII World Bamboo Conference, Bangkok, Thailand.  AOAC., Official Methods of Analysis.Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 11th edition Washington D C USA. P-240(2005).Volume IV, Issue IV, April 2015 IJLTEMAS ISSN 2278 - 2540 www.ijltemas.in Page 20  AOAC., Official Methods of Analysis.Association of Official Analytical Chemists.11th edition Washington D C USA. P-240(1990).  . Ranganna S., Handbook of analysis and quality control for fruit and vegetables products. 3rd edition. Tata McGraw-Hill (1995).  Blois, M.S. Antioxidant determinations by the use of a stable free radical. Nature 1958, 181, 1199–1200.  Qiu FG. 1992. The recent development of bamboo foods. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Industrial Use of Bamboo. International Timber Organization and Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, China: Bamboo and its Use. p 333–7.  Ferreira VLP, Azzini A, de Figueriredo IB, Salgado ALB, Barbieri MK. 1995. Evaluation of bamboo shoots for human consumption. Coletanea do Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimento, Brazil 16:23–36.  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Anjana Bora, Sasikala. S, Sandra Aveena Monis, Vinothini K "Evaluation of Biochemical and Nutritional composition of Tray Dried Bamboo Shoot ( Bambusa balcooa) Powder (BSP) " International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.17-20 2015
The oxidative degradation of refined sunflower, soybean, groundnut oil and pure mustard oil during deep frying at 1800C were studied. The oxidative degradation of the oils was evaluated by monitoring their respective peroxide value (PV), p-anisidine value (p-AV), regression coefficient of oils and totox value (TV) for four consecutive days. Result indicate that as comparing the selected four edible oils, mustard oil shows better oxidative stability during deep frying process and soybean oil shows least oxidative stability.
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- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Pranjali ShindeD.Y.Patil College of Engineering, Pune, India
- Shelly GuptaP G Moze College of Engineering, Pune, India Shri JJT University, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan India
. Probir kumar Ghosh, Dipan Chatterjee, Paramita Bhattacharjee, Alternative method of frying and antioxidant stability in soybean oil, Advance journal of food science and technology,2012,4 (1), 26-33 . E. M Marinova, K.A. Seizova, I.R. Totseva, Svetlana S. Panayotova, Ilko N. Marekov, Svetlana, M. Momchilova, Oxidative changes in some vegetable oils during heating at frying temperature, Bulgarian chemical communication, 2012,Vol. 44, 57-63 . Said Gharby, Hicham Harhar, Samira Boulbaroud, Zakia Bouzoubaa, Nadia el Madani, Imane Chafchaouni, Zoubida Charrouf, The stability of vegetable oils(sunflower, rapseed and palm) sold on the Moroccan market at high temperature, International journal of chemical and biochemical sciences, 2014,5,47-54 . N.s. Susheelamma, M.R. Asha, R. Ravi, A.K. Vasanth Kumar, Comparative studies on physical properties of vegetable oils and their blends after frying, Journal of food lipids, 2002, 9, 259-276 . Kamsiah Jaarin, Yusof Kamisah, Repeatedly heated vegetable oils and lipid peroxidation, Intech open science, chapter 10, 2012, 211-225 . Yusof Kamisah, Suhaimi Shamil, Mohd Jadi Nabillah, Sin Yee kong, Nazurah Alfian, Deep fried keropok lekors increase oxidative instability in cooking oils, Malays journal of med. Science, 2012, 19(4), 57-62 . Diop A1, Sarr SO , Ndao S, Cissé M, BaldéM, Ndiaye B, and YM Diop, Effect of deep fat frying on chemical properties of edible vegetable oils used by Senegalese house hold, African journal of food, agriculture nutrition and development, 2014, Vol.14 (6), 9419-9438 . Alireza Serjouie, Chin Ping Tan, Hamed Mirhosseini, Yaakob Bin Che Man, Effect of vegetable based oil blends on physiochemical properties of oils during deep-fat frying, Ammerican journal of food technology, 2010, Vol.5(5), 310-323 . Monoj K Gupta, Frying oils, M G edible consulting international Richardson, Texas, 2005 . Lee C.Y., Zhou W.B., Bansal G., Determination of aldehyde level in frying oil using p-anisidine test . Carol Tompkins, Edward G. perkins, The evolution of frying oils with the p-anisidine value, JAOCS, 1999, Vol.76(8), 945-947 . Dr. Sapna Johnson, Dr. Nirmali saikia, Fatty acids profile of edible oils and fats in India . Tyagi VK, Vasishtha AK.. Changes in the characteristics and composition of oils during deep-fat frying. J AmOil Chem Soc 1996, 73:499–506.
Pranjali Shinde, Shelly Gupta "Comparative Study of Oxidative Degradation of Selected Vegetable Oils during Deep Frying" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.21-24 2015
The DNA interactions of newly synthesized mixed ligand complexes of the type [Cu(L1L2L3)] (PF6)2 complex (1)and [Ni(L1L2L3)] (PF6)2complex (2)(where L1 = 1, 10-phenanthroline and L2 = 1H-benzimidazole-2-thiol and L3 = 4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-amine) have been evaluated by absorption spectral studies. The results of binding constant for complexes(1) and (2) are 3.1 x 105 M-1 and 5.4 x 105 M-1 respectively, indicate that both the complexes intercalate with CT-DNA. The relative nuclease activity of these complexes were studied by gel electrophoresis using pUC 19 DNA.
- Page(s): 25-29
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- B.SreekanthDepartmentof Chemical Engineering, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Engineering and Technology, Dharwad - 580 002, Karnataka, INDIA
- G.KrishnamurthyDepartment of Chemistry, Sahyadri Science College, Shimoga, Karnataka, INDIA.
- H.S.BhojyaNaikDepartment of PG Studies and Research in Industrial Chemistry, School of Chemical Sciences, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta-577 451, Shimoga, Karnataka, INDIA.
- T.K.VishnuvardhanDepartment of Chemistry, Acharya Institute of Technology, Bangalore - 560 107, Karnataka, INDIA.
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B.Sreekanth, G.Krishnamurthy, H.S.BhojyaNaik, T.K.Vishnuvardhan "Synthesis, Characterization, DNA Binding And Cleavage Studies of Cu(II) and Ni(II) Complexes Containing Mixed Ligands" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering,Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.25-29 2015
The smart phones we carry with us are becoming ubiquitous with everyday life and the sensing capabilities of these devices allow us to provide context-aware services. In our paper, we explains’ the development of University navigation, a context-aware mobile application that delivers personalized campus maps for universities. The application utilizes university students’ details to provide information and services that are relevant and important to them. It helps students to give the direction within the campus and become familiar with their university environment quickly. This study was to evaluate the acceptability and usefulness of the campus map, as well as the impact on a users map reading efficiency by utilizing the personal and environmental information. The result indicates the integration of personal and environmental information on digital maps can improve its usefulness and navigation efficiency.
- Page(s): 30-31
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Mrs. S.HemalathaAssistant Professor/CSE Adhiparasakthi Engineering College
- Mrs . SrividhyaAssistant Professor/CSE Adhiparasakthi Engineering College
 Abowd.G, Atkeson, C., Hong, J., Long, S., Kooper, R., & Pinkerton, M. Cyberguide: A mobile context-aware tour guide. Wireless Networks(1997), 421-433.  Dey, A. K., & Abowd, G. D. Towards a better understanding of context and context-awareness. CHIWorkshop 2000.  Dey, A. K., & Mankoff, J. Designing mediation for context-aware applications. CHI 2005, ACM (2005).  Du, W., & Wang, L. (2008). Context- aware application programming for mobile devices.In Proc. C3S2E 2008, ACM Press (2008), 215-227. Hong, J.-y., Suh, E.-h., & Kim, S.-J. Context-aware systems: A literature review and classification. Expert Systems with Applications2009.  Kota, D., Laumas, N., Shinde, U., Sonalkar, S., Dantu, K., Poduri, S., & Sukhatme, G. deSCribe: A Personalized Tour Guide and Navigational Assistant. MobiCASE 2009, Springer 35, (2010) 393–403.  Li, H., Jyri, S., Jian, M., & Kuifei, Y. Research on Context-Aware Mobile Computing. AINAW 2008, IEEE (2008). Schmidt-Belz, B., Nick, A., Poslad, S., & Zipf, A. (2002). Personalized and location-based mobile tourism services. Mobile HCI 2002.  Schwinger, W., Grün, C., Pröll, B., Retschitzegger, W., & Schauerhuber, A. Context-awareness in mobile tourism guides–A comprehensive survey. Rapport Technique 2005.  Shi, X., Sun, T., Shen, Y., Li, K., & Qu, W. Tour-Guide: Providing Location-Based Tourist Information on Mobile Phones.IEEE CIT2010.
Mrs. S.Hemalatha, Mrs . Srividhya "Design and Implementation of a University Navigation Maps Using Mobile Application" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering,Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.30-31 2015
Coccinia grandis (Ivy gourd) which is also called as baby watermelon is used for culinary purpose among Indian people. Its health benefits are traditionally used for curing diabetics, urinary tract infection, skin diseases etc. By incorporating ivy gourd fruit powder with pulses we can prepare traditional fried snack food which can be consumed by people of all age groups. Snack food incorporated with 7g ivy gourd powder fried at 190°C was taken for storage studies as it gave best results of 5.3% protein, 85% carbohydrate, and 23.2% of fat, 3% mineral, 0.104 % of antioxidant, 1% moisture content, 0.023% of vitamin A and the colour of the snack food were found to be reddish yellow. The shelf life study was performed with LDPE and metallised polyester. There were not many changes when nutritional parameters were analyzed for 0, 15, 30 and 45 days but there was increase in peroxide value from 37.75±0.012 to 40.63±0.002 meq/kg. Microbial analysis shows that more colonies were present in LDPE compared with metallised polyester but initially less number of microbes was present. Analyzing all the data’s we conclude that metallised polyester is suitable for packing this fried snack food incorporated with ivy gourd for a shelf life of 45 days.
- Page(s): 32-37
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Vinothini KDepartment of Food Process Engineering, SRM University, India.
- Sasikala SDepartment of Food Process Engineering, SRM University, India.
- Anjana Bora,Department of Food Process Engineering, SRM University, India.
- Sandra Aveena MonisDepartment of Food Process Engineering, SRM University, India.
 (1999), Analytical procedure for proximate analysis, AOAC.  Jakob H. Waterborg, (2002), The Lowry Method for Protein Quantitation.; The Protein Protocols Handbook, 2nd Edition.  Hansen J, Moller IB, (1975), Analysis of starch and soluble sugars with Anthrone reagent.  Sarah Lanning, (2012), SOP‐PHYS‐004: Hunter Color Determination.  Adedeji T.O and Ade-Omowaye B.I.O, (2013), The Preservative Effects of Two Local Nigerian Spices on the Shelf Life of fried Bean Cake Snacks, J Nutr Food Sci 2013, 3:2.  CML / INS / SOP 31.  Fetuga.G.O , Ajayi.T.E, and Karim.O.R, (2014), Effect of Frying Temperature and Time on Composition and Sensory Quality of Sweet Potato Crisps, A Research Article in AJRTC, Vol. 11 No. 1: Pages 17-25.  Florence Suma Pushparaj and Arribas-Lorenzo.G, (2014), Antioxidant Activity in Two Pearl Millet (Pennisetum typhoideum) Cultivars as Influenced by Processing, Food Chemistry, 109, 421–425.  Isaac Babatunde Oluwalana, (2014), Sensory and Microbiological Quality Assessment of Fried Snacks Produced from Ripe and Unripe Plantain Fruits (Musa paradisiaca) Fortified with Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp (cowpea), Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 8(1): 182-188.  Ma Ma Lay, Saiful Anuar Karsani, Sadegh Mohajer, and Sri Nurestri Abd Malek, (2014), Phytochemical Constituents, Nutritional Values, Phenolics, Flavonols, Flavonoids, Antioxidant and Cytotoxicity Studies on Phaleria Macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl Fruits. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 14:152.  Mihaela Ghidurus, Mira Turtoi, George Boskou, (2013), Hazards Associated with Fried Fast Food Products, Romanian Biotechnological Letters, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2013.  Molla.M.M, Nasri. N & Nazrul Islam.M, (2009), Study on the Suitability of Banana Varieties in Relation to Preparation of Chips, J Agric Rural Dev 7(1&2), 81-86.  Nishu Mallick, Aditya Lal, Ashwani Kumar Gautam, Nayansi, (2014), Development and Quality Evaluation of Unripe Banana Based Sev, The International Journal Of Engineering And Science (IJES), Volume 3, Issue 8, Pages (40-44).  Saranya K. K and Barathi.B, (2012), Quality of Potato Chips Fried in Different Oils, Indian Journal of Applied Research, Volume 2, Issue 1.  Shukla Saurabh, Jain Jyoti, GenithaT.R. and Tirkey Vikas P.R., (2013), Studies on Development, Quality Evaluation and Packaging Materials on the Storage Stability of Snack Food (SEV), International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology, Volume 4, Number 6, pp. 515-522.  Toktam Mohammadi Moghadam- Mohebbat Mohebbi, Effect of frying temperature and time on image characterization of pierogi, Food Research International 39, 40–46.  Uma Tiwari & Mary Gunasekaran & R. Jaganmohan & K. Alagusundaram & B. K. Tiwari, (2011), Quality Characteristic and Shelf Life Studies of Deep-Fried Snack Prepared from Rice Brokens and Legumes By-Product, Quality Characteristic and Shelf Life Studies of Deep-Fried Snack Prepared from Rice Brokens and Legumes By-Product, Food Bioprocess Technol, 4:1172–1178.
Vinothini K, Sasikala S, Anjana Bora, Sandra Aveena Monis "Storage Studies of Indian Fried Snack Food Incorporated with Ivy Gourd" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering,Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.32-37 2015
Kerala Finance Corporation (KFC) is one of the fast track term lending financial institutions in the State with assistance to over 40000 projects amounting to nearly Rs 3000 cores over the last 62 years in the State of Kerala since its inception up till date. KFC is one of the trend setters and path breaker managed under the supervision of Kerala Govt. In the present study researcher made an attempt to study the total investments and number of enterprises promoted by KFC in the state of Kerala for the period of five years. Researcher found that from last five years KFC promoted 3899 units or enterprises with an investment of Rs. 333,679.08 crores Along with the work of KFC is commendable in promotion of enterprises for the growth of economic development.
- Page(s): 38-43
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Varun KesavanAssistant Professor, Guruvayurappan Institute of Management, Coimbatore.
 Srinivas K.T “A Study on Financial Assistance to Small and Medium Enterprises by Ksfc “International Monthly Refereed Journal of Research in Management & Technology.” “Abhinav Journal” Vol. no – II, PP – 20 – 22.  http//shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inbitstream1060365451010_chapter202pdf  Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014 – 09- 11/news/53441894-1-smes- architecture- finance- ministry.  DR. Vinod Kumar Yadav, “Source of Finance in Small –Scale Industries” IJEMR –-Vol 3,Issue 6 - Online - ISSN 2249–2585 - Print - ISSN 2249-867 June 2013.  https://www.kfc.org  https://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-03-06/news/59844613_1_capital-float-saif-partners-startups .  https://forbesindia.com/article/insead/sme-financing-small-businesses-struggle-to-survive-the-downturn/9072/1  https://www.business-standard.com/article/finance/private-banks-turn-to-smes-to-drive-growth-114032700812_1.html
Varun Kesavan "A Study on Financial Assistance to Small and Medium Enterprises by KFC" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.38-43 2015
WSN is one of the most commonly used communication tools. It is used in many areas of life for both civilians and militaries purposes. These network comprises of small size sensor nodes with sensing, computation and wireless communications capability. The sensor nodes communicate together by many wireless strategies. These communication strategies are administrated by routing protocols. There are different types of routing protocol. Classically most routing protocols can be classified as data-centric, hierarchical and location-based protocols depending on the network structure and application.This paper deals with the availability and reliability of each class of these routing protocols.
- Page(s): 44-47
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Ozair AhmadM.E Scholar, Department of ECE National Institute of Technical Teacher’s Training & Research UTI, Chandigarh
 Yick, J., B. Mukharjee and D. Ghosal, “Wireless Sensor Network Survey”, Computer Network, pp.2292-2330, 2008.  Al-Karak, J.N and A.E Kamal, “Routing technique in wireless sensor network: A survey”, Wireless communication, IEEE 2004, PP.6-28.  Akkaya, K. and M.Younis, “ A survey on routing protocols for wireless sensor networkx”, Ad hoc networks, pp.325-349, 2005.  Alwan, H. and A.Agrwal, “A survey on fault tolerant routing technique in wireless sensor network”, In sensor technologies and Applications, IEEE, 2009.  Ahmedy, I., et al., “ A review on wireless sensor networks routing protocol: Challenge in energy perspective”, Scientific Research and Essays, pp.5628-5649,2011.  I. Akyildiz, W.Su,Y.Sankarsubramaniom, and E.Caeric, “Asurvey on sensor network”, IEEE Communication Magzine, vol.40,Issue.8,pp.102-114, August 2002.  I. F. Akyildiz and W.Su and Y. Sankarasubramaniam and E.A. Cayirci, “Asurvey on sensor network, IEEE Communication Magzine, pp.102-114, August 2004.  Prabhat Kumar, M.P Singh and U.S.Tariar,”Areview of routing protocols in wireless sensor network”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT), Vol.1, Issue.4,June 2012.  Dargie W. and Poellabaur C., “wireless Sensor Network Theory and Practice”, John Wiley & sons, 1st edition, USA, 2010.  Sharma G, 2009, “ Routing in wireless sensor networks”, Master thesis, Computer Science and Engineering, Dept., Thapar Univ., Patiala.  Luis J. et al 2009, “Routing protocolsin wireless sensor networks”, Sensor, Spain, www.mdpi.com/journal/sensor.  A. Manjeshwar and D.P. Agrwal, “TEEN: a routing protocol for enhanced efficiency in wireless sensor networks”, In Ist International workshop on Oarallel and Distributed Computing Issue in Wireless Networks and Mobile Computing 2011.  Rajashree. V. Biradar, V.C. Patil, Dr. R.R. Mudholkar, D.S.R. Sawant, “Classification and Comparision of Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Ubiquitous Computing and Communication Journal Vol. 4, pp.704-711, 2009.  Cenete, Eduardo, Diaz, Manuel, Llopis, Luvs, Rubio,Bartolome, “HERO: A hierarchical efficient and reliable routing protocol for wireless sensor networks”, Computer communication, vol.35,pp.1392-1409.  Kyuhong Lee, Heesang Lee, “Energy Efficient Clustering and Routing Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks ”, Second Asian Himalayas international Conference(AH-ICI), PP.1-5, 2011.  D.P.S Edvinee Christin, Mrs R.Jothichitre, “Energy Efficient Secure Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Proceeding of ICETECT 2011,pp.982-986.  Wendi B.Heinzelman, Anantha P. Chandarakasan, Hari Balakrishnan, “An Application-Specific Protocol Architecture for Wireless Microsensor Networks”, IEEE Transaction on Wireless Communication,Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 660-670, October 2002.  Kazem Sohraby, Daniel Maniel, Taieb Znati, “Wireless Sensor Networks Technology Protocols and Applications”, Second Edition Wiley India, 2010.
Ozair Ahmad "Survey of Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.44-47 2015
This project aim to develop low cost solution for monitoring health condition of remotely located of tower shelter using GSM technology to present premature failure of telecommunication system and improving reliability of services to the customers. An Embedded based hardware design is developed to acquire data from electrical sensing system. It consists of a sensing system, signal conditioning electronic circuits, advanced embedded hardware for middle level computing, a powerful computer network for further transmission of data to various places. A powerful GSM networking is designed to send data from a network to other network for proper corrective action at the earliest. Any change in parameters of transmission is sensed to protect the entire transmission and distribution. The performance of prototype model developed is tested at laboratory for monitoring various parameters like BTS over load, voltage fluctuations, over temperature, oil quality and level etc.
- Page(s): 48-50
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Varun Kumar SharmaStudent, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad
- Ritika TandonAssistant Professor, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad
- Vivek Kumar DasStudent, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad
- Surbhi GaurStudent, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad
- Vishakha GoelStudent, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad
 “The PIC Microcontroller and Embedded systems” by Muhammad Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie Mazidi , Pearson Education.  PIC16F877A Data Sheets.  Proc. IEEE Special Issue on GigabitWireless,  N. Laneman, D. Tse, and G.Wornell, Cooperative diversity in wirelessnetworks:  Efficient protocols and outage behavior,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 50,  A. Sendonaris, E. Erkip, and B. Aazhang, “User cooperation diversity—Part I and II,”  IEEE Trans. Commun.,  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PIC_microcontroller  https://megaupl0ad.org/files/pic%20microcontroller%2016f877a%20ebook  General information about speed control by microcontrollerWittneben and B. Rankov, “Distributed antenna systems and linear relaying for gigabit MIMO wireless,” in Proc.  IEEE Veh. Technol.Conf.-Fall, Los Angeles,  https://www.circuitstoday.com/basics-of- microcontrollers  https://www.maximintegrated.com/products/microcontrollers/training/basics/.
Varun Kumar Sharma, Ritika Tandon , Vivek Kumar Das, Surbhi Gaur, Vishakha Goel "GSM Based Tower Shelter Fault Monitoring System " International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.48-50 2015
Barium bismuth niobate (BaBi2Nb2O9: BBN), the ferroelectric compound of Aurivillius family, has been prepared through high-temperature mixed-oxide method. Using complex impedance spectroscopy (CIS) technique, real and imaginary parts of impedance (Z) and electric modulus (M) of the material were investigated within wide range of temperatures and frequencies. Impedance analysis indicates the presence of mostly bulk resistive (grain) contributions in the material which exhibits a decreasing tendency with the increase in temperature. It indicates negative temperature coefficient of resistance (NTCR) type behaviour of the material. Complex modulus plots indicate the presence of grain (bulk) along with grain boundary contributions in the material. It also supports the NTCR type behaviour of the material. Both the complex impedance and complex modulus plots indicate the presence of non-Debye type of relaxation in the material.
- Page(s): 51-54
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Syed Reyaz HasanDepartment of Physics, D.A.V. College, Siwan, J. P. University, Bihar-841226(India)
- Umakant Prasad Department of Physics, T.N.B. College, T. M. Bhagalpur University, Bihar-812007(India)
- Nawnit KumarDepartment of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721302(India)
- Rajiv Ranjan Department of Physics, Jamshedpur Co-operative College, Kolhan University, Jharkhand-831036(India)
- R. N. P. ChoudharyDepartment of Physics, ITER, S.O.A. University, Odisha-751013(India)
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Syed Reyaz Hasan, Umakant Prasad, Nawnit Kumar, Rajiv Ranjan and R. N. P. Choudhary "Investigation of Impedance and Electric Modulus Properties of Bismuth Layer-Structured Compound Barium Bismuth Niobate" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.51-54 2015
Production inventory model for deteriorating items with linear trend in demand, time varying holding cost, inflation and permissible delay in payments with two warehouses is developed. Shortages are allowed and completely backlogged. The excess units over the capacity of the own warehouse (OW) are stored in a rented warehouse (RW). Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the model.
- Page(s): 55-66
- Date of Publication: April 2015
- Raman PatelDepartment of Statistics, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, INDIA
- Reena U. ParekhDepartment of Statistics, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, INDIA
- Shital S.PatelDepartment of Statistics, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, INDIA
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Raman Patel,Reena U. Parekh, Shital S.Patel "Deteriorating Items Production Inventory Models with Two Warehouses under Shortages, Inflation and Permissible Delay in Payments" International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science-IJLTEMAS vol.4 issue 4, pp.55-66 2015